Comparison of species tool use habits:
|Species||Tool Type||Tool Use||Locale Used|
|neesia seed, squeak||canopy|
|Gorilla||long stick, stone||wading/bridging smash||ground waterside|
|Chimpanzee||stick, stone||smash, dig, spear, carry||ground canopy|
|Ar. Human||stick stone shell||smash, pry, cut, dam...||ground waterside|
|Capuchin||stone, shell||smash, pry||ground waterside|
|Sea Otter||stone||smash, carry||waterside|
|Beaver||stick||dam, carry||ground waterside|
H erectus 2ma Africa/Asia
H Heidelbergensis .4ma Spain
Anoiapithecus 12ma Spain: A hominoid with skull features similar to orangutans. Did Orangs live around the Mediterranian Sea forested bays, along with gibbons, and some moved along the Tethys coasts to south east Asia, while others transformed into hominids? Oreopithecus of Sardinia, Sahelanthropus of Chad, Orrorin etc. of east African Rift valley.
Spanish Orangutan 12 million years ago
Spanish Miocene apes 12ma: http://scienceblogs.com/laelaps/2010/04/fossil_teeth_tell_of_ancient_a.php#more
Are orangutans genetically closer to humans than chimps are?
Did lungfish only recently derive lungs like tetrapods?
orangs & lungfiswh