Tuesday, May 29, 2012


Forest: latin, outside of house (forum, foris)
Arbor: french, tree
Silva: latin, forest (cf agri - field acre, arbori - tree), herb/arb
Endura: mbuti, interior of forest (endu = interior of dome hut)

So the term for 'the woods' is dependent upon authors' perspective & reference point, "inside/outside" of what? In Rome and London, the forest/woods was outside the city walls/fences and were managed by the kings' forest rangers/guards, while the wooded parklands were inside the city walls/fences and were managed by arborists/gardeners.

Forest related words From Carlos Lascaux

...paa(Th)=woods/forest,=pa(middle chinese)=meadow. also, Bantu(Gens)= B/pan-tu(letra/reversal)=topan(N)=over us(their God, the forest)= paa(thai). the chinese=pa=pan(N)=place, apan(N)=river(water/atl/apan).

Cuauhnauac(N)=woods4/trees4, and, the city/ciuia(N/verb)=stimulate(E) is surrounded by forest.
starling:  this bird and its wider species follow the plow, has known man and learned from him since agriculture/forest clearings

sea age 2ka a continuation of the nomad deer age. even the word, mast(E)=masta(W.Germ)=
mastr(ONorse/MLG)=mazdos(WIE/West.Indo-Euro), then connects to, mast(E)=fruit of
forest trees,=mast(OHG)=mazdos(WIE)=meat(E)=maz(OHG)=mazatl(N/7 Tona)=deer.
with boat mast=mastro(Portugues)=mastil(sp).
mazatl(N/7) has close relationship to maze(E), to mastr(ONorse)=ma(s)t/l/r
(letra)=matlatl(N)=net, ah, the mast where the netting hangs, and, the word,
noma/nomatka/nomatzinco(N)=nomad(Fr/Lat/Gk)=no matlatl(N)=no/my net/matlatl=
ma(N)=hunt land/sea with net,=atlatl(N)=throwing stick,=at/l/r-at/l/r=arrow=
dart(E)=d/t/tl-ar/l/tl(letra)=a-tl-atl(N), with the d being the d/t/l-atl/art.
dart(E)=tart(OHG)=t/l-ar/l/t/l(letra). fool with r/l/t/l, and, t/l/r/l/t/l
before you tell me Letra doesn't work, por favor. Tlaloc/Rarog, too.

RDeer. the Mazatlan practice shamanism= chamaua(N)=eulogize/xamani(N)=destroy. their ancestors enter trees= treow(OE)=Teotl(N)upon dying and from there guide the living. deer milk made into cheese tastes like sharp Parmesan. 2004 Mazat/ Dukha herdsman had 97 head, tourism arrived, thousands of $ to see a red deer, but none of that money got to the Dukha/Toca(N). [tocharian?]
Okhotsk=Ocotl Tochin(N)= Pine(forest)Conejo/Cony=Bobcat
...onicma(N)=i knew it, i found it out; i learned it,=aenigma(Lat), -mat-=mati(N)=know,=ainigma(Gk)=enigma(E)=riddle in verse=uta(Japonica)= otli(N)=route/order/vein=in uentli(N)=the offering,=odol(Basque)=(b)lood (E)=idol(E)=Odin/Wodin/Wo(r)ding.

tzocatl(N)=socket(E)/wrinkle=w(r)i(n)k(letra)= wick(e)=uic(N)=back and forth/row,=uictli(N)=shovel,=ahuictli(N)=oar, uica(N/verb)=vicar/govern/Viking(Norse)=uiquillia(N/rev)=quiller(Teuton). ...lolo(M)=papalotl(N)=butterfly,=m-lulu(Bantu=Topan/N/reversal/= over us, ah, the Forest itself is their Deity.


Dukha/Dukkha ...Tsaatan, short for Ma-zatlan(N)=DeerLand, southernmost reindeer/Mazatl (N/7 Tonalamatl)culture, Mongolian taiga, between Siberian Boreal forest to the North and the Steppes of inner-Asia to the South. smallest ethnic minority in Mongolia

 the Mazatlan practice shamanism= chamaua(N)=eulogize/xamani(N)=destroy. their ancestors enter trees= treow(OE)=Teotl(N)upon dying and from there guide the living. [tocharian - toca?]

dukkha is the unsatisfactoriousness of life due to its clamor notorious, being to-/our being/-ca, not catching up to our imaginations running away with our potential=potli(N)=companion/brother(E), also poa(N)=power/flower/plower(E), which is paired with sukha= tzocatl(N)=socket/wrinkle/fill with tzo/mud(E), supposedly the asukha/azucar(sp)=sugar of life, if one can consider, as Xanthippe had to, Tzocrates, as sweet. the Wiki-etymology of these words is the late Buddhist Etym., atomized into unrecognizable mini-particles. but let's give it a try, as their roots hit paydirt when they mention the ancient Aryans=Airyani=Ailia yani(N)=allied pilgrims of the plain/ llano(sp) with their horse/cattle/oxen-drawn carts/tereg(Mongol)= the Castle/rook in chess(from Arabs), saying that -kha=sky, well the sky is a being, but kha/ca(N)all by itself=being, and is the soul of the Pharoah when he unwraps himself from his tomb for nightwalks when his stars are right. ...sukha=good axle=axictli(N)=waterspout that runs

Okhotsk=Ocotl Tochin(N)= Pine(forest)Conejo/Cony=Bobcat

Hodsock=tzocatl(N)=wrinkle/socket(E). ...Matlock=Matlatl tloc(N)=beside the hand/net.

...Que(r)cus=Quech/c-ua(Inca)=Oquichtli(N)=O(r)chid. Onions goes all around the forest on this one, avoiding the O, but putting in every other combination of vowel making O, e.g., ac/aec(OE)=eiche(Ger)/ eik(ON)=aiks(CGerm), on the linguistic merry-go-round, even mistaking the name Acton for Oak related, but, Algodon(sp)=Cotton=A(l)c(o)ton, the cotton armor padding in fashion before metals, the cheap version after. in fact all names thought to be Oak, save Oakley and Noke, which could be, Noquia/Noquilia(N)=verter/spill//purge, have other antecedents, e.g., Agden, cf., Acton.

...lolo(M)=papalotl(N)=butterfly,=m-lulu(Bantu=Topan/N/reversal/= over us, ah, the Forest itself is their Deity.

(S)wa/waa/ua(N)h/th/tilinqui(N) ...or, Swahili=owns tongue/tili-nqui(N)=lingua(Lat)=lengua(sp). ...dunia(S)=world=d/Tonia(letra)=Tonatiuh(N)=Anthony, the Sun,= dunya(Arab)=dune(E)=tune(E)=tone(E)=Tonatiuh(N). dunes are solar. ...ulimwengu(S)=Ollin uentli co(N)=comes the (r)olling offering, i.e., the Sun, Tona, the Naui Ollin of the 5th Age. ...udongo(S)=soil=tzotl(N)=sod/sot/mud/soot,=od/oto(n)c/go(letra)= otocac/toca(N)=sow/sembrar y enterrar/bury. ...matope(S)=mud=m/zud(Mongol)=z/sod/soil(E)=s/z/tzotl(N),=ma/hand idol/toptli(N)=attob(Arab)=tob/tub(Egyptian)=adobe(Amerind)= the mud/tzotl for adobe/al-tob(Arab)=the brick=piccatl(N)=vulva (lipped being=renga/Japonica/=r/tentli ca(N)=tenca(N)=t/renga(J)=brick. ...kilima(S)=mountain/hill,=Colima(Mex/state)=Coliman(N)=maritime province on the Pacific vertiente, Mexico,=colli/culli(N)=abuelo/ abuela,=nocolhuan(N)=my ancestors,=ima(N)=his/their hands/ma(N). ancestors had a close relation with Tepetl=Te(m)ple, idented with mountains, e.g., Colima(N)=hands of(the)Grandfather. ...ziwa(S)=lake=tlaca(N)=body,=ciuatl(N)=woman,=Tzintli ua(N)= the Hon./saintly owner(E)=tzo atl(N)=blood water/atl(N). ...ghuba(S)=bay,=gubb/gubba/gubbat(Arab)=gh/g/cov/b(letra)=cove(E). ...mwitu(S)=wood/forest,=witu(OHG)=wood(E)=quauitl(N)=tree=treow(OE)= teotl(N),=kaede(Japonica)=maple,=keadar(Basque)=cedar(E)=(Al)qaeda (Arab)=vithr(ONorse)=withe/with/wide(E).

topan(N)=over us,=Pan-to(N/reversal)= P/Bantu(Afrikan tribe whose deity=the forest above them).

tree/ki(J) ...tricky=ticitl(N)=doctor/midwife,=tiger(E/birthing animal of the cave Venus,
the ocelotl/ocelome(N/plural);

wood=witu(OHG)=qua-uitl(N)=tree=t(r)eow(OE)=teotl(N)=teo theo deo, ke/keadar(Basque)=smoke/column of smoke,=cedar(E/tree)=kaede(J)=mapletree, =ka/qua-(u)itl/t/de(letra=J/N)=al qaeda(arab)=campfire/HQ,=tlalli quauitl(N)= earth/landtree. ki(J)=chi(N), trees are on top of, over, as the Bantu/Topan(N)= over us, noticed, their deity being the forest itself from which they received
everything.  it turns out Neander/Neandra swam the strait of Gibralter near Ceuta=

ceuia(N)=nitla-ceuia(N)=ceui(N)=become cold, apagar el fuego,=Ceutlan(N)=place of
rest and frío, to get to europe, because the Bantu have a cave horizon, pygmy
schumacher=s/sh/xotl maca(N)=footmaker,=zapa/zhapa/hapa/japa(N)=Japan, and dwarfs
have an advantage in cave environs [BUT pygmies don't enter caves in Congo?] , pueden esconderse en lugares muy pequeños.
al principio, pensé, ki(J), de q(ua)uitl(N)/kitl, pero, si, ke(Basque)=smoke,

y quemar(sp)=burn=brinnan(OHG)=b/pinaua/opinauah(N)=hacerse rojizo(con verguenza),

pos, idioma viene del cuerpo mismo, entonces tiene, ki(J)=kaede(J) nexo con,

quauitl(N), e.g., kae/ki(J).

"the word string in Nauatl: Toptli/toptia=opt/obey, Tobey/Tobit/Topile/ topilli(N)=truncheon, made of topol(R)=poplarwood, the pruned tree. that Toptia/obey(E)later becomes brick in Egyptian/Arab is telling, as bricks/adobe obey where they are laid, edge to edge" [cf Tarim Basin China, Tocharians/tukhara/twgry/yuezhi/tokharoi toca/dukha? buried kin in poplar trunks or coffin boats of poplar]

Fire: http://en.wiktionary.org/wiki/fire

Etymology: From Middle English fier, from Old English fȳr (“fire”), from West Germanic *fuïr, a regularised form of Proto-Germanic *fōr (“fire”) (compare West Frisian fjoer, Dutch vuur, Low German Für, German Feuer, Danish fyr), from Proto-Indo-European *péh₂ur (compare Hittite 𒉺𒀪𒄯 (paḫḫur), Umbrian pir, Tocharian A/B por/puwar, Czech pȳř (“hot ashes”), Ancient Greek πῦρ (pŷr, “fire”), Armenian հուր (hur, “fire”)). This was an inanimate noun whose animate counterpart was Proto-Indo-European *Hn̥gʷnis.

PIE pehur/pahur (pyre)
Mbuti apa
Malay api
Polynesian ahi
Ainu ape
Apalai Brazil apoto
Hebrew nura
Avestan atar
Turk dial. ot, ates
Latin dial. focu
Atlas berber afa

words around world for fire/ignite/oxidize:

Aché: tata

Afrikaans: vuur (af)

Ainu: アペ (ape)

Akkadian: 𒉈 (išātu) f.

Albanian: zjarr (sq) m.

Ama: ta

Amanayé: tata

Amharic: እሳት (am) (əsat) m.

Amundava: tata

Angaataha: sisɨha

Apalaí: apoto

Apiaká: tata

Arabic: نَارٌ (ar) (nār) f.

Egyptian Arabic: نار (nar) f.

Aragonese: fuego (an)

Aramaic: ܢܘܪܐ

Hebrew: נורא (nūrā’) f.

Syriac: ܢܘܪܐ (nūrā’) f.

Armenian: կրակ (hy) (krak), հուր (hy) (hur)

Aromanian: foc

Avestan: ātar

Aymara: nina (ay)

Azeri: od (az), atəş (az)

Baluchi: آس (ás), آچ (ác)

Bashkir: ут (ut)

Basque: su (eu)

Baure: yaki

Belarusian: агонь (be) (ahónʹ) m.

Bengali: আগুন (bn) (agun), অগ্নি (bn) (ôgni)

Borôro: joru

Breton: tan (br) m.

Bulgarian: огън (bg) (ógǎn) m.

Burmese: တေဇော (my) (tei zo)

Catalan: foc (ca) m.

Cebuano: kalayo

Central Atlas Tamazight: ⴰⴼⴰ (afa) m., ⵜⵉⵎⵙⵙⵉ (timssi) f.

Chamicuro: kajchi

Chamorro: guafi (ch)


Cantonese: 火 (fo2)

Dungan: хуә

Mandarin: 火 (zh) (huǒ)

Min Dong: 火 (huōi)

Min Nan: 火 (hóe, hé)

Wu: 火 (hǔ)

Chuvash: вут (vut)


Bohairic: ⲭⲣⲱⲙ (ʔxrōm) m., ⲥⲁϯ (sati) f.

Sahidic: ⲕⲣⲱⲙ (ʔkrōm) m., ⲥⲁⲧⲉ (sate) f.

Cornish: tan (kw) m.

Corsican: focu (co)

Cree: ᐃᔥᑯᑌᐤ (cr) (ishkuteu)

Crimean Tatar: ot

Czech: oheň (cs) m.

Danish: ild (da) c.

Dolgan: уот (uot)

Dutch: vuur (nl) n.

Egyptian: 𓏴𓏏𓊮 (sdjt) f.

Esperanto: fajro (eo)

Estonian: tuli (et)

Evenki: того (togo)

Faroese: eldur (fo) m.

Finnish: tuli (fi)

French: feu (fr) m.

Old French: fu m., feu m.

Friulian: fûc

Gagauz: ateş

Galician: lume (gl) m.

Georgian: ცეცხლი (ka) (c'ec'xli), ალი (ka) (ali)

German: Feuer (de) n.


Ancient: πῦρ (pyr) n.

Modern: φωτιά (el) (fotiá) f.

Hawaiian: ahi

Hebrew: אֵשׁ (he) (eš) f.

Hindi: आग (hi) (āg) f., अग्नि (hi) (agní), आतिश (hi) (ātiś)

Hittite: 𒉺𒀪𒄯 (paḫḫur) n.

Hungarian: tűz (hu)

Icelandic: eldur (is) m., bál (is) n.

Ido: fairo (io)

Igbo: ọku

Indonesian: api (id)

Irish: tine (ga) m.

Old Irish: teine m.

Italian: fuoco (it) m.

Japanese: 火 (ja) (ひ, hi), 燃焼 (ja) (ねんしょう, nenshō)

Javanese: geni (jv)

Kannada: ಬೆಂಕಿ (kn) (benki), ಅಗ್ನಿ (kn) (agni), ಕಿಚ್ಚು (kn) (kiccu)

Karachay-Balkar: от (ot)

Karakalpak: ot

Kazakh: от (kk) (ot)

Khakas: от (ot)

Khmer: ភ្លើង (km) (pləəng)

Korean: 불 (ko) (bul)

Kumyk: от (ot)


Kurmanji: agir (ku) m., nar (ku) f.

Sorani: ئاگر (ku) (Agir)

Kyrgyz: от (ky) (ot)

Lao: ໄຟ (lo) (fai)

Latgalian: guņs f.

Latin: ignis (la) m., focus (la) m., flamma (la) f.

Latvian: uguns (lv) f.

Lithuanian: ugnis (lt)

Lombard: fööch

Low German: Füer (nds)

Luxembourgish: Feier (lb)

Macedonian: оган (mk) (ógan) m.

Malay: api (ms), pawaka (ms) (in archaic literature, obsolete)

Malayalam: തീ (ml) (thee), അഗ്നി (ml) (agni)

Maltese: nar (mt) f.

Maléku Jaíka: kúe

Manx: çhenney m.

Maori: ahi (mi)

Mapudungun: kütral, kvxal

Marathi: अग्नि (mr) (agni)

Middle Persian: ādur

Miskito: pata

Mongolian: гал (mn)

Nanticoke: tunt

Navajo: kǫʼ

Neapolitan: ffuoco

Nepali: आगो (ne) (Āgō)

Ngarrindjeri: keni

Nogai: от (ot)

Norwegian: ild (no) m.

Nynorsk: eld (no)

Novial: faire

Occitan: fuòc (oc)

Ojibwe: zaka'igewin, ishkode

Old Church Slavonic: огнь (ognĭ) m.

Old English: fyr (ang)

Old Norse: eldr m.

Old Provençal: fuoc

Old Prussian: pannu

Oriya: ଅଗ୍ନି (or) (agni)

Ossetian: арт (art)

Ottoman Turkish: آتش (âteş), نار (nâr), آذر (âzer)

Paumarí: siho

Pennsylvania German: feier

Persian: آتش (fa) (âtaš), آذر (fa) (âzar)

Old Persian: ātar

Phoenician: 𐤀𐤎 (ʾs)

Polish: ogień (pl) m.

Portuguese: fogo (pt) m.

Quechua: nina (qu)

Rapa Nui: ahi

Rohingya: ooin

Romani: jag

Romanian: foc (ro) n.

Romansch: fieu m., fö (rm) m.

Russian: огонь (ru) (ogónʹ) m.

Samoan: afi (sm)

Samogitian: ognis

Sanskrit: अग्नि (sa) (agní)

Scots: fire

Scottish Gaelic: teine (gd) m.


Cyrillic: ватра (sh) f., огањ (sh) m.

Roman: vatra (sh) f., oganj (sh) m.

Shor: от (ot)

Sicilian: focu (scn)

Sinhalese: ගින්‍න (si) (ginna)

Skolt Sami: toll

Slovak: oheň (sk) m.

Slovene: ogenj (sl) m.

Sotho: mollo (st)

Southern Altai: от (ot)

Spanish: fuego (es) m.

Sumerian: 𒉈 (NE)

Swahili: moto (sw)

Swedish: eld (sv) c., brand (sv) c.

Tagalog: apoy (tl)

Tahitian: please add this translation if you can

Tajik: оташ (tg) (otaš)

Tamil: நெருப்பு (ta) (noruppu)

Taos: phà’áne

Tatar: ут (tt) (ut), ялкын (tt) (yalqın)

Telugu: అగ్ని (te) (agni)

Thai: ไฟ (th) (fai)

Tibetan: མེ (bo) (me)

Tocharian A: por

Tocharian B: puwar

Turkish: ateş (tr)

Turkmen: ot (tk)

Tuvan: от (ot)

Tzotzil: k'ok'

Ugaritic: 𐎛𐎌𐎚 (ỉšt)

Ukrainian: вогонь (uk) (vohónʹ) m.

Urdu: آگ (ur) (āg) f., آتش (ur) (ātiś) f., اگنی (ur) (agní)

Uyghur: ئوت (ug) (ot)

Uzbek: oʻt (uz), otash (uz)

Venetian: fógo

Vietnamese: lửa (vi), hoả (vi) (rare) (火 (vi))

Vilamovian: faojer

Welsh: tân (cy) m.

West Frisian: fjoer n.

Xhosa: umlilo

!Xóõ: ǀʻàã

Yakut: уот (uot)

Yiddish: פֿײַער (yi) (fayer) m. and n.

Zhuang: feiz (za)

1 comment:

carlos lascoutx said...

(ONorse=spill. it's companion furniture during cave time is a cognate
for piloa(N)=pila(sp),=xilé(N)=sillín
(sp)=silla(sp), first piece of furniture around the fire/pile(E),
the stool=toloa(N)=bow the head.
words from xilé(N)=xylo-(gk)=wood=
sylvanus(Latin)=Xilonen(N/deity/the corn babe sit down)=Shiloh(H)=before
Jerusalem, for 300yrs the capitol of
Israel=Xil-Olin(N)=the Holy Sitting,
their religious center,=silent(E/
one stood to talk,=selva(sp). in line with my sh/x/f/ph hypothesis, xilé=
file/fill/fire, that the cursive s
with fess was copied erroneously as
f, and given that sound value in some
words, having noticed often the first
letter consonant is not respected.