Monday, February 11, 2013

Bakar-Dade


A candle in the wind
Bakardade - Fluttering Fumeria - Smokey - Hinoki - Frank Insence - Insecticide - Chabad - Kavadi     

Ba'ar is Hebrew for bakar/char/burn.

River Dadès, meltwater from the Atlas Mountains of Morocco

"A little north-east of the southern city of Quarzazate, lies the Dadès Valley-stretching out between the peaks of the High Atlas and the Jbel Sarhro mountain range. Known as 'The Valley of One Thousand Kasbahs', it is the most prominent of the oasis valleys that dominate southern Morocco. Originating from melt water high up in the snowfields of the Haute Atlas, the river Dadès cuts a steep gorge, known as the Dadès Gorge, at Aït Oudinar and Aït Ali. From here, it flows across the broad Dadès Valley in a south-westerly direction towards Quarzazate." Photos of Dades Gorge, Morocco
This photo of Dades Gorge is courtesy of TripAdvisor


Beluga/Beleukha is a Altai-Siberian term for whiteness/mist/snowcovered, whales are given this name due to their blowholes spouting white mist, rendered in Greek to leuco/glauca and Latin blanco/blanca. The Mbotai people (ancestors of Mbuti, Thai, Tibetan, Botai etc... and domesticators of the ridgeback dog of Phu Quoc and later the horse) travelled through the Altai and met Neanderthals and Denisovans.

Bakar is a Malay word meaning char, as in Charlie/Carlos/Karloff/Chernobyl (Russian cher = black) & an ancient pictoglyphic Chinese character on a charred turtleshell as well as Carbon 60 (spherical allatrope of carbon, a sheet of graphene wrapped into a ball). C-60 Char is related also to coal, shale, talc & chalk as soft stones, ceramic as burnt silica (not carbon), and apparently to sandy/silty/soil (and perhaps shallow) in more derived form. Char is surface-adhered hydrocarbons, while soot is free-floating hydrocarbons, C60 buckminsterfullerene formed in a vacuum laser-burnt, and was detected via spectroscopy, by its unique band of flame colors emitted/reflected of its position on the electromagnetic spectrum.

Serendipity strikes here. Spectrum is derived from Malay words Sepak Tali Jarum (Kick String Loom), [Sepak or Sipa is a kick-volley-ball net game using a hexapent woven C60-like rattan ball], but derived from ancient Neanderthal kick-starter firedrill/spider/lighter.

I'm in Miami, Dade County, Florida, USA. (Dade refers to moving unsteadily/jerkily as opposed to a smooth pace, such as a small child who is just learning to walk & talk [dodder/toddle(r)/totter/patter/tuttle/stutter/(derived: flutter/flicker/chatter)], related to Middle English daderen "to tremble" (late 15c.), apparently frequentative of dialectal dade. The county name here refers to a Major Dade who fought in the Seminole war. Julia Tuttle was an early promoter of Miami, the 36th St. causeway from Miami to Miami Beach is named for her.

Bakardade is a Basque word meaning solitude. There is a Basque shepherd monument in Reno Nevada entitled "Bakardade / Solitude", see the photo, featuring the "Aureska" Basque ceremonial dance.

"Silent night, holy night...Shepherds quake, at the sight...Wondrous star... Loves pure light"

Interestingly, while visiting my grandmother Byrde in Pipestone, Minnesota, (the site of the famous Pipestone Quarries) I met her neighbors the Grubers, who were descendants of Franz Gruber: "Silent Night was a poem that was written in 1816 by an Austrian priest called Joseph Mohr. On Christmas Eve in 1818 in the small alpine [shepherding] village called Oberndorf it is reputed that the organ at St. Nicholas Church had broken. Joseph Mohr gave the poem of Silent Night (Stille Nacht) to his friend, Franz Xavier Gruber and the melody for Silent Night was composed for choir and guitar, the simple score was finished in time for Midnight Mass."

Pipestone: a soft red mud shale (between layers of hard red quartz) used for making sacred peace pipes Chanunpa/Chanupa (Lakota term)  (also Calumet: French for hollow reed, Catlinite: from George Catlin, artist who painted Plains Indians)
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Calumet_(pipe)
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Catlinite (siltstone)

Silence: from Latin silns; similar to German stille
Solitude: from Latin solus, alone; see s(w)e- in Indo-European roots
Soot: Hydrocarbon clusters produced via flame
Solute: Particles within a solution, eg. salt ions in water, or soot in air.
Silt, soft, soil, etc.

Chabad/Sabbath/Shabat: Hebrew 7th day = saturday/sabtu, related to 'week-hinge' pintu(Malay: hinged door),  pito(Philipino: 7) and bat/punt/punk/punji/spindle sticks.

Linguist Merrit Ruhlen found that the most common word for 2 (pair, split, half) around the world is ~ "par", I find that it also relates to paru/patl/pahairo/fire/pyre/pure.


Elbow-Bellow Fire Starter: Cha-bat - Apa'ollo - Ai Karumba - XamaX - Shamash - Math
 
Apahxkitl - fire kit : 2/pair + 2/pair = 4 fuerte/pyre

2 shoes/sox/sockets (bit+anch) + 2 feet/punt (pind+wand) = phaerie/pyrie

[Egyptian ankh ~ Coptic cross: Sir Alan Gardiner speculated that it depicts a sandal strap, with the loop going around the ankle. The word for sandal strap was also spelled anḫ, although it may have been pronounced differently(wiki)] cf anchor rope, sepaktali/cipactli, Japanese geta sandals originated from nut-grain crushing cedar shake/skate/slate/sledge roped/wrapped/strapped to feet and pranced/danced upon. Olives and grapes were stomped with bare feet.

Shoe/chauvat/sabbat/zapato/sabot/sepatu (M shoe)/socket, {upper one was mouth-held (bit/bitter, bite/pahit) greased (yak-butter(ghee)/honeybee-wax) socket (no friction), bottom one foot-held (ankh, anchor, ankle) with rough crescent friction hole/tinder-trap/kindlebowl cf qidlic) + sepintu/spindle/sphynx/phoenix/punt/punji/pin-hinge/engine/spinster/spindrill/spandrel/dreidel/tletl) with (derived) small glued/tethered/fletcher/feather/plume vanes (fins) to produce a whirling toronado/cyclonic flume/bloom/Xamax(shame)/flame.



Neanderthals (bare-footed) may have looped a pull-string around their big toe (Hallux) [toe-rope/towrope/tooei(Du: cord)/tletl(Na: fire), and stretched and folded their leg to spin-pull the pin, while Hs (shod/sandaled) used a stick, (a hand-held (thumb-looped/thimble/tumble/pumper aka ferry-foot/pari-punt/phaerie-wand/agni-vel/atlatl/ladel tied at tip/apix of switch/wand (Poll-uixt/pollux, cf light switch) to a longer pull-string (tali gasing (M: string spin-top, cf gasket) a yoyo/roro/roarowe((r)oar-row-arrow)/rotarota/rotor that was wound around the upright spindle and then pulled/spun back and forth, gradually g(ene)rating/serrating/tendering sawdust which heated/kindled in the lower ankle-joint, the elbow-bellow fire starter, apahitl (aptitude, ability, apahaire, fire), later developing into the bow-drill fire-starter.

Fire smoke making for mosquito control may relate to Pueblo tobacco-smoke medical purification ritual, and possibly to clothing and dome enclosure weekly cleansing cf tamarca/tunic (tembakau, tunic-chiton = tu-nicotine). Tobacco cultivation began 6,000 years ago, pipe smoking about 1,000 years ago. Tobacco leaves may have been used both as insecticide and for hut roof leaf shingling (similar to th Congo Mbuti dome huts shingled with mongongo leaves). The Delaware Amerindian  word for tobacco is kinnikinnik, which resembles qidlic (seal oil bowl lamp of Innuit) and shingle/skin-skin, but is apparently from a mix like herbal potpouri to scent, hinoki (Japanese fragrant cedar) and frankincense (Oman). http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Kinnikinnick [per linguists, "The term "kinnikinnick" derives from Unami Delaware /kələkːəˈnikːan/, "mixture" (c.f. Ojibwe giniginige "to mix )1] from Proto-Algonquian *kereken-, "mix (it) with something different by hand". kinnikinic, n. caŋṡaṡa. — Williamson. An English-Dakota Dictionary[


Tobacco as mite-lice repellant: "Macias Garcia wondered if it was serving a protective purpose. After all, nicotine is a well-known insect repellant, and bird nests are often full of harmful parasites, such as mites and lice. Once the finch and sparrow fledglings had left their nests, Macias Garcia and his team took many of the nests down. They then measured the amount of (cigarette filter) cellulose fibers, as a proxy for the amount of nicotine in each nest, and counted the number of parasites. “The more cellulose there was in the nests, the fewer parasites we found in those nests,” says Macias Garcia.  The parasites apparently disliked the nicotine-filled fibers. The use of cigarette butts could be an urban version of a behavior observed elsewhere in other bird species. Evolutionary biologist Dale Clayton of the University of Utah says starlings, for example, line their nests with certain aromatic plants that emit “volatile chemicals that appear to kill ectoparasites like lice and mites and also bacteria.”

Smoke was used to medicate in the Pueblo culture, a sick person lay down and the shaman put smoke around. Charcoal was used both to filter questionable water supplies and for various other medicinal purposes.

Lampara: Mediterranean Net-fishing method, moonless night, boats encircle water of algae & fish with torches

Chanuka (Hebrew candlampara/candalabra/chanupa(Lakota: pipe bowl from oil lamp cf Eskimo sealstone oil lamp: qidlic/kulik)/lumenaurah/menorah/tlantlimat (candle wick as hand-held antler tines)/t̪at̪ərima (3 in Twi language of Twi Island, Australia, which uses ki for fire and ami for light)/tatlimat(5 in eskimo language)/teruma(tithe in Hebrew language)/terima(receive in Malay language) (compare Malay panas - hot to Hebrew panas - torch)...

"Early in Canaanite religion, the male moon-god, "Yerach," was the chief god of the pantheon. And the female sun-god, "Shamash," was his cohort. Later, these were changed to Baal and Ashteroth. "To judge from Canaanite place-names of the earliest period, such as Jericho and Beit-Yerach, as well as from Non-Semitic personal and place names of the 2nd millennium BC, the cult of the sun-god and moon-god (or goddess) was at its height in very early times and steadily declined thereafter" (W.F. Albright, Archaeology and the Religion of Israel, p. 92, also p. 83)."

"Röth (Die Aegypt. und die Zoroastr. Glaubenslehre, 1846, p. 175) derives the Hebrew name [Yahweh] from the ancient moon-god Ih or Ioh."

(Many Jews are named yarick, Yared/Jared; Jordan River also related to Yar.)

Compare the cart wheels of the Gurob ship cart model (Nile, Egypt) to the symbol of Shamash/sun, Sumer: http://www.vizin.org/Gurob/Gurob_final_4PC/Gurob_VRML_html-pgs/Gurob_photo-catalogue_home.html from here: http://www.vizin.org/Gurob/Gurob_final_4PC/Gurob_VRML_html-pgs/Gurob_photo-catalogue_home.html






Above: 8-radia Symbol of Shamash/Sun    Below: 8-radia Symbol of An(Sumer)/Anu(Akkad)/Sky
http://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/3/3d/Cuneiform_sumer_dingir.svg



















Chanuka: Hebrew Festival of Lights; Chanuka Menorah of 8 olive oil lamps/candles and ignitor candle called a shamash. [Shamash (Akkadian Šamaš "Sun") was a native Mesopotamian justice deity and the sun god in the Akkadian, Assyrian and Babylonian pantheons.]

Shamash was portrayed as sun symbol, but had 8 legs like a spider (cf 8 lamps) or 4 winds & 4 rivers)...spindle/lighter
Shamash links to An/Anu, sun worship at An/Heliopolis temple in Egypt possibly linked to Ainu/Anubis before Bos Apis bull worship. Plausibly Egyptian Ka (breath) links to Cha/Sha (chanuka/chanupa) and ki(smoke-incense eg. hinoki). Hebrew hearth is mokedmishpakhti or akh. Sudanubis-ia:  Sudd(Suaq-Ndoki) swamp/Sudan (black (Arabic))/Nubia/Abyssinia

Nenets (Siberia): "Nenetl(N)=doll, idol, and they do have those in each chum(NN)=house" (Tletl)

Cipact[a]li = sepak tali = kick string (held by neander. big toe and pulled to turn netl/sp[k]in[e]dle/spider/lighter) that was held in place by mouthpiece [bit/bite/bitter/apahitl] and "anchlsockt".
Dipavali(series of lamps) = cipactli = sepak tali = emak jari(um) = mata hari
kick = kick string = mother/big toe(loom) = iris(eye/sun/arisen) day
chanuka = chanu(n)pa(Lak smokepipe) =c(h)ampur (M mix)= hinoki (J) = cipactli = kinikinick (foot-kicked/mixed incense, later metate/mill/press/grist/ground)
first milling/mixing/grinding was done by feet, in China 40ka special sandal/shingle shoes...

"Deepavali" Tamil: series of oil lamps, aka Hindu Festival of Lights; (Sanskrit: दीपावली Dīpāvalī), which translates into "row of lamps".  Mahavira attained his nirvana... The following night was pitch black without the light of the gods or the moon. To symbolically keep the light of their master's knowledge alive they illuminated their doors. They said: "Since the light of knowledge is gone, we will make light of ordinary matter"

Kavadi: burden offering of Tamil culture, possibly linked to Chabad olive oil lamps, see below.

Thaipusam: South Indian Tamils celebrate Thaipusam on the tenth month of their calendar.  It coincides with the full moon at the end of January and beginning of February 'Thai', and 'Pusam' refers to a star which is at its brightest during the period of this festival. Some devotees carry the Kavadi (burden-offering), a wooden arch with two pots of milk/honey/coconuts at its end. The kavadi-bearers take only pure, Satvik food, once a day. Mortification of the flesh by piercing the skin, tongue or cheeks with vel skewers is also common.

Neanderthal kickstarter/spi(n)dr/l/spider/chipactli(N kick)+ichtli(N thread)/sepaktali(M kick string)/mokedmishpakhti(Heb. hearth = smokey+dome+kick-sparkler-thread)
"Nenetl(N)=doll, idol, and they do have those in each chum(NN)=house" (Tletl blog)
Cipact[a]li = sepak tali = kick string (held by neander. big toe and pulled to turn netl/sp[k]in[e]dle/spider/lighter) that was held in place by greased-ghee-earwax(cerumin)-beeswax mouthpiece [bit/bite/bitter/apahitl] and bottom "a(n)chlsockt"shoe, while hands held kindling.
Carnaval~Chanukah~Chanupa~Champur: mixed herb/incense/oil lit/burned/smoked in ceremony/comoni
Dipavali(Hindu 8 lamp lighting) = cipactali
= sepak tali = emak jari = mata hari (sun = eye of day)
= kick string = mother/big toe(jarum=toe-loom, Dutch tooie=cord=towrope)) = iris(eye/sun/arisen) day
chanuka = c(h)ampur (M mix) = chanupa(Lakota pipe) = hinoki (J) cipactli = kinikinick (tobacco-herb crushed)

Scope: Greek skopein "to look"
spectrum: 1610s, "apparition, specter," from Latin spectrum "appearance, apparition". Meaning "band of colors formed from a beam of light" first recorded 1670s.

apparition: from apahit/r/l/, aphyre, aspire

first milling/mixing/grinding was done by feet, in China 40ka special sandal/shingle shoes to crush/thresh...
Huaraches (singular huarache) are a type of Mexican sandal. Huaraches are pre-Columbian in origin, and are made from woven leather. The leather is traditionally hand-woven.[1] The name "Huarache" is derived from the P'urhépecha language term kwarachi. Huarache directly translates into English as sandal.[2]
Waraji (Japanese: 草鞋) are sandals made from straw rope that in the past were the standard footwear of the common people in Japan.
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Geta_(footwear)
dayak loom: http://www.highbeam.com/doc/1G1-229067836.html SEA eel/shuttle "weaver-sword", women firsrt used toes to separate thread/yarn, wrapped around their back, then leaned forward to insert eel-shuttle under-over,then leaned backward to insert alternative over-under, back and forth

takraw may be related to 3 kicks of ball allowed on each side of net (Philipino 3 = tatlo), this may relate to triangular weaving basketry... tricep/three step/kick-sipactli-sacred thread

YHWH/Jehova(lx/lithic/la)/Ja-Ho-Oba|J(ez/ud)-Ra-El-Oh-I/(Obadiah-Obedience-Abundance-Apa)/Jahobalisk/Jor|Yar-(dan)shiboleth(bless/press(pusam?)/breathe)/Ya-ru-xa-lem/Yeshivalechem-Isolation/Shivalingam/Solace-Solar:Isolamentation/Sit/Silakan(Ind. please do)/Silvousplait(will u please-bless-praise-breathe)/Inxyallah(inchi-god willing)/alamak(mother of god)deumadre/diome(des/dia)

Ba-Mbuti (Congo R. Central Africa)
BiMbetki (Narmada River, Central India)
BaMbara (Mbarae River, Congo, Central Africa/Barada River, Syria/Ybarra, Queensland, NAustl)
(Ba)Mbiaka/Aka/Gha-Akan (West Africa)
BiMbache/Guanche (Canary Islands, North Africa)
AmaXhosa (Khoe-Bantu mix 1600s, South Africa)
Bhutan/Tibet/Cambodia/Thai/Champa/China-Tsina-Tionghua/!Xam-bo-daia/Mbotai-PhuQuoc Isl.
Jambo: Homely greeting of east Africa
Xamax/Shamash: sun/spider-spindle fire starter, Chanukah 9th kndlampra, Sumer sun/justice god
 

http://farm8.staticflickr.com/7154/6733843141_db8325c818_z.jpg candle photo
http://www.christmassongs.net/lyrics/silent-night

6 comments:

carlos lascoutx said...

...pacca(N/adv)=happily, agreeable,
with pleasure, paca/opac(N)=wash(over)= pax/pacis(Latin).
...pacha(N)=wooly, much wool(gathering)
...sil/silent(Latin/E)=sh/xilé(N)=
sillín/silla(sp)=little seat/chair/
saddle. one stand to speak, but when
one is seated, xylo(Gk)=wood,= Sylvanus(Lat)=Sile(Irish)= Caillech(County Cork)=Chair leg(E)= Older sister of Sun,=Ueltiuhtli(N) =Welty(Name), shill(chair holder)= silo=Xilonen(N)=corn dolly= Shilo(Amerind place name/battle).
...pactani(N)=saved, out of danger,
sure, quiet, tranquil,=paqui(N)=
happy(E), content.

carlos lascoutx said...

...dodder(E)=tremble, shake,=
dadder(hypothetic form)=dadir=
d/t/la d/t/l/a=tlatla(N)=wave like
flame.
...the Vascuence like the Bithynian
stock that grafted onto their stock
enjoy their solitude, sole=s/z/tzotl(N)
=soot/soil,=sorgin(V)=Tlatla=tzol/r-
tzin=s/z/tzoltzin/tli(N)=the Hon Smutch
=witch.
...soil(V/adj)=mere, alone, bare, barren, common, simple, net(adj).
...soilik(N/adv)=merely, simply,
only, exclusively.
...soileri(N)=baldness.

carlos lascoutx said...

...par(Fr)=pal(N/root)=por(sp)=for(E)-
...fire=f/py/re=pyre(E)=piloa(N/root)=
spilla(ON)=spill(E)=pila(sp).
...pure(E)=popotl(N)=broom(E)=proper(E)
=potli(N)=pot/l/ri=pori=purify(E)=
putás(Skrt)=purified=potli(N/root)=
companion,=puto/puta(sp), e.g., purist=
one who affects strict purity= prop(e)riety or correctness.

DDeden said...

cf "...sil/silent(Latin/E)=sh/xilé(N)= sillín/silla(sp)=little seat/chair"

Yeshiva (Hebrew): sitting(related to site/silt/sill)/study/school
yeshivalechem cf Hindu shivalingam

sila(Indon.: please (enter/eat)
sil vous plait (Fr): will u please

carlos lascoutx said...

...char(E)=fish of trout kind, e.g.,
charco(sp)=pond,=Chalco(Mesoamerind)=
sweetwater lake south of Texcoco)=
Chalchiuitlicue(N)=Jade Skirt/cueitl,
goddess of waters. the English guess
is that char is of Celtic origin, to
which i add, cel/celtin(Nauatl Origin). Chalch-=Halch-=Halcón(sp).
...charcoal(E)=chalani Coatl(N)=
nitla-chalania(N)=hit one thing against another, break, i.e., coal that is broken. Coatl(N/5 Tonalamatl)=coal/tl=coal=black co(r)al snake. coal is called snake as it is a fire sign, carried by the Pochteca vanguard merchants, whose symbol/day was Coatl, from one fire to the next wrapped in green leaves. char profits from its association with, coal by turning to burn when its origin is,
calania(N)=to break, altho one can
argue charcoal is broken by burning.
...chërnij(Russile)=black, refers to,
bread, metals, rough work=chër=chore
(E)=noted as unexplained var.of chare; back(stairs; leafy(wood). hmmm, black as coal/Coatl/co(r)al= C/Chyo-atl=Chyo(r)nij(R).
...Charles=charlar(sp)=babble/patter,
=charra(Port.)=charade=chalani(N)=
not give the tone/music, talk, chat.
...there are too many char words to
be that sure but chalani(N)=to break
(glasses), challenge=chalania(N)= fight; attack/revolt; hit. we say,
una calentada/a heating=a beating.
...chard(E)=cardo(sp)=thistle/titla/
titlani(N)=messenger,=carduus(Latin).
one has to watch for eliding (r/l)
in forming an idea of root(N).
...charqui(E)=dried beef,=echarqui
(Quechua/Inca)=ech/car/t/l qui=
Ecatl/Hecate who airs/winds, qui-en
echa/aire(sp)=who throws wind/dry.

carlos lascoutx said...

...Cipactli(N/1 Tonalamatl)=Cintli/
Tzintli(N/honorific)=-pactli(N/part.)=
pac/bag(r/tl)i/e=bagre(sp)=catfish.
uncertainty to what fish Cipactli is,
but in area of origin, Euskadi/Basque, it's wels catfish, the sustenance of
hunt/fish Basques. as fire kicker, don't know. later in Gi-puz-koa=
Gi/Ci/Tzintli tepuztli coatl(N)=
Saintly Copper Snake, San Sebastian=
Se/Cipact/l ia(N)=Cipactonal(N),
from scribe to King. Gipuzkoa refers
to Quetzalcoatl, copper hunter and
finder.